how to pick new tires

How To Pick New Tires


 | 

Time To Read:

11 minutes

 | 

Time To Read:

11 minutes

Imagine this: You’re ready to buy new tires, but where do you start? There’s a myriad of options, each claiming to be the best. But how do you cut through all the marketing hype and technical jargon?

How To Pick New Tires

To pick the best new tires, focus on matching the tire size and type to your vehicle and driving conditions, and consider factors like tread life, traction in different weather conditions, and overall tire quality.

In this article, you’ll learn how to decipher tire sizes, understand the UTQG rating system, and choose tires based on specific needs like wet conditions, traction, longevity, and ride quality.

recommended tire pressure sticker in driver's door jam
Tire Information Sticker In Driver’s Door Jamb

How do I know what tires to buy?

Think of finding your tire size like a mini treasure hunt, but instead of a map, you’ve got these clues:

  • The Door Jamb Secret: Peek at the driver’s side door jamb. There’s usually a sticker there with the tire size meant for your vehicle.
  • Sidewall Code: Your current tires are literally telling you their size. Look for a series of numbers and letters on the sidewall, something like P225/50R16.
  • Old Faithful, the Owner’s Manual: When in doubt, your vehicle’s manual is your go-to guide for tire size.

Decoding the Tire Size Mystery

Now, let’s crack the code of something like P225/50R16:

  • P is not just a letter; it stands for ‘Passenger vehicle’. There’s also LT for light trucks, or sometimes no letter for European-style tires.
  • 225 is the tire’s width in millimeters. Yep, we’re talking about the distance from one sidewall to the other.
  • 50 is a bit of a percentage game. It’s the height of the tire’s side as a percentage of the width. Here, it’s half of 225 mm.
  • R is for Radial, the most common type of tire construction nowadays.
  • 16 is the wheel’s diameter in inches that this tire is made for.

Why Size Really Matters

Picking the right tire size isn’t just for show; it’s crucial for:

  • Safety First: The wrong size can mess with your car’s handling, and nobody wants that.
  • Keeping Your Ride Smooth: The right size means better fuel efficiency, longer-lasting tires, and a comfier drive.
  • Your Car’s Well-Being: It helps ensure your vehicle performs as it was designed to.

Ready to Roll

Armed with the know-how on tire sizes, you’re one step closer to finding the perfect fit for your vehicle. And remember, it’s not just about size; it’s about choosing tires that match your driving style and the roads you frequent. If you’re keen on digging deeper into tire selection, roll over to our guide on how to buy tires.

UTQG on Sidewall
UTQG Sidewall Illustration

Understanding the Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG) System

When shopping for tires, you’ll often come across the term “UTQG,” which stands for Uniform Tire Quality Grading. This system is a standardized method used in the United States to help consumers compare tires based on certain criteria.

Here’s a breakdown of what UTQG means and how it can help you in choosing the right tires.

Treadwear

  • What It Measures: Treadwear rating indicates the tire’s expected life in comparison to a control tire. It’s based on a scale where 100 is the baseline. So, a tire with a treadwear grade of 200 should last twice as long as the control tire.
  • How to Use It: If long-lasting tires are your priority, look for a higher treadwear rating.

Traction

  • What It Measures: This rating assesses how well a tire can stop on wet pavement. It’s graded from highest to lowest as AA, A, B, and C.
  • How to Use It: For better wet road performance, consider tires with higher traction ratings, especially if you live in a wet climate.

Temperature Resistance

  • What It Measures: This grade indicates the tire’s ability to dissipate heat under load. It’s rated as A, B, or C, with A being the highest.
  • How to Use It: Higher temperature grades are essential for high-speed driving and in hotter climates.

Limitations of UTQG

  • Not a Universal Standard: UTQG ratings are not required for winter tires and are not used outside the United States.
  • Subjectivity in Testing: Since manufacturers conduct their own tests against the control tire, results can be somewhat subjective.
  • Not a Sole Decision Factor: While UTQG is a useful tool, it should not be the only factor in your tire-buying decision. Consider other aspects like specific tire reviews, your driving habits, and vehicle requirements.

Making Use of UTQG in Tire Selection

UTQG ratings can be a helpful guide in narrowing down your tire options. By understanding what each rating signifies, you can make a more informed decision tailored to your driving needs, whether that’s longer tire life, better wet road performance, or safe driving in high temperatures.

wet weather stopping distance illustration
Test Results Via TireRack.com

When purchasing new tires What is the most important factor?

The most important factor when purchasing tires (aside from making sure they fit!) should be wet weather performance. Handling, tread life, and ride quality are high priorities as well.

Let’s delve into how to find the best tires for each of these specific needs.

Best Tires for Wet Conditions

  • Look for High Wet Traction Ratings: Tires designed for wet conditions usually have a higher traction rating. This information can be found on the tire label or manufacturer’s website.
  • Opt for All-Season or Specialized Rain Tires: All-season tires are generally good for mild wet conditions, but for heavier rains, consider specialized rain tires.
  • Check for Deep Tread Grooves: Tires with deep grooves and unique tread patterns help channel water away more effectively, reducing the risk of hydroplaning.

Finding Tires with the Best Traction

  • Seek Out High Traction Scores: Tires are rated for traction performance, usually indicated as AA, A, B, or C, with AA being the highest.
  • Consider the Tire’s Rubber Compound: Softer rubber compounds generally offer better traction but may wear out faster.
  • Read Reviews and Test Results: Look for customer reviews and independent test results that specifically focus on traction performance.

Tires That Last the Longest

  • Check the Treadwear Rating: This rating, part of the Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG) system, gives you an idea of the tire’s lifespan. A higher number indicates a longer-lasting tire.
  • Look for Durable Materials: Some tires are made with special compounds that enhance durability and reduce wear.
  • Read Customer Reviews: Reviews from other drivers can provide real-world insights into tire longevity.

Tires with Excellent Ride Quality

  • Focus on Comfort Ratings: Some tire manufacturers provide ratings for ride comfort. These can be found in product descriptions or independent reviews.
  • Consider Touring Tires: Touring tires are often designed for a smoother ride, balancing performance and comfort.
  • Check for Noise Reduction Features: Tires designed for a quiet ride will often advertise noise reduction features, which contribute to overall ride quality.

Quality vs. Budget

Tires are an investment. Sure, budget matters, but don’t skimp on quality:

  • Long-Term Thinking: Sometimes, spending a bit more upfront on quality tires means better performance and fewer replacements.

Unsure about the trade-offs? Our guide on cheap vs. expensive tires breaks it down for you.

best tires for canyon driving
Tire Performance On The Road

Key Questions to Ask When Buying Tires

Now that you’re gearing up to buy new tires, it’s like stepping into an interview – you need to ask the right questions. This is your moment to ensure you’re making a smart, informed purchase.

Let’s get into the essential questions that will steer you in the right direction.

What’s My Main Driving Environment?

Your tires need to align with where you drive most. It’s not just about the distance, but the type of roads and typical weather conditions. City streets, highways, off-road trails – each calls for different tire features.

How Do These Tires Perform in Different Weather Conditions?

  • For Sunny and Rainy Days: Ask about performance in both dry and wet conditions.
  • Winter Weather: If you’re in a snow-prone area, inquire about snow and ice performance.

What’s the Tread Life Expectancy?

You want tires that last. Understanding the tread life expectancy helps you gauge how often you’ll need replacements.

How Do These Tires Affect Fuel Efficiency?

Yes, tires can influence your fuel economy. Some tires are designed to reduce rolling resistance, thus improving your miles per gallon.

What’s the Warranty Like?

A good warranty can save you a lot of headaches. Ask about the mileage warranty and what it covers.

For more details on what to inquire about when tire shopping, check our detailed article of 10 questions to ask when buying tires.

Cost Per Mile Calculator

Tips for Buying Tires

Alright, you’re on the hunt for new tires. This is where being a savvy shopper pays off. There’s more to tire buying than just picking the first set you see.

Let’s dive into some insider tips to help you snag the best tires for your buck.

Comparing Tire Brands and Models

  • Do Your Homework: Not all tires are created equal. Compare different brands and models. Look for reviews, ratings, and consumer feedback.
  • Match Tires to Your Needs: Remember, what works for a friend’s sports car might not be ideal for your family SUV.

The Lowdown on Tire Warranties

  • Read the Fine Print: Warranties vary widely. Some cover tread life, while others offer road hazard protection.
  • Maintenance Records: Keep your service records. Regular maintenance is often a condition of the warranty.

Road Hazard Insurance: Yay or Nay?

  • Weigh the Cost vs. Benefit: If you frequently drive on rough roads, this insurance might be worth considering.
  • Understand the Coverage: Know what’s included and what’s not. It’s not a one-size-fits-all.
questions to ask when buying tires
Buying Replacement Tires

Finding Deals on Tires

Let’s face it, buying tires can be a bit of a hit on the wallet. But with a little savvy shopping, you can find some great deals that’ll leave both you and your bank account smiling.

Here’s how to sniff out those sweet tire deals.

Be a Smart Tire Shopper

  • Stay Informed: Sign up for newsletters and alerts from tire retailers and manufacturers. They often send out info on upcoming sales and exclusive offers.
  • Follow on Social Media: Many companies announce special promotions on their social media platforms.

Timing Your Purchase

  • Seasonal Sales: Tire sales often happen at the change of seasons, especially in the spring and fall. Retailers want to clear out old inventory to make way for new stock.
  • Black Friday and Cyber Monday: These shopping holidays are not just for electronics! Keep an eye out for tire deals during these times.
  • Tax Season: Some retailers offer deals around tax return season, betting on that extra cash burning a hole in your pocket.

Comparing Prices Online

  • Check Multiple Retailers: Don’t just look at one source. Compare prices across different online retailers.
  • Online vs. In-Store Prices: Sometimes, online prices can be more competitive. But remember to factor in shipping and installation costs.

Rebates and Cash-Back Offers

  • Manufacturer Rebates: These can be a gold mine for savings. Check manufacturer websites for any rebate offers.
  • Credit Card Rewards: Some credit cards offer cash-back rewards or points for purchases, including tires.

Don’t Forget Local Shops

  • Local Deals: Small, local tire shops often run their own promotions. Plus, supporting local businesses is always a bonus.
  • Negotiate: Don’t be afraid to haggle a bit, especially if you’re a loyal customer.

Resources

Below are some links you may find helpful when learning about tires:

Final Thoughts

Picking the right tires can feel like navigating through a maze, but it’s all about knowing the signs and what to look for. Remember, it’s not just about grabbing any tire that fits your car. It’s like choosing a pair of shoes – you need the right fit for your style and needs.

Diving into tire sizes and UTQG ratings might seem a bit techy at first, but it’s like getting the secret code to unlock the best options for your ride. It’s all about balancing what you need – whether that’s cruising smoothly on wet roads, getting that extra mileage before your next tire change, or just enjoying a quiet and comfy drive.

And hey, don’t forget the practical stuff. Keeping an eye out for those sales and rebates can save you some serious cash. It’s like finding a hidden gem in a treasure hunt. Plus, a little bit of maintenance goes a long way in keeping your tires in top shape. It’s like taking care of a good pair of boots – treat them well, and they’ll last.

Good luck and happy motoring.

About The Author

Imagine this: You’re ready to buy new tires, but where do you start? There’s a myriad of options, each claiming to be the best. But how do you cut through all the marketing hype and technical jargon?

How To Pick New Tires

To pick the best new tires, focus on matching the tire size and type to your vehicle and driving conditions, and consider factors like tread life, traction in different weather conditions, and overall tire quality.

In this article, you’ll learn how to decipher tire sizes, understand the UTQG rating system, and choose tires based on specific needs like wet conditions, traction, longevity, and ride quality.

recommended tire pressure sticker in driver's door jam
Tire Information Sticker In Driver’s Door Jamb

How do I know what tires to buy?

Think of finding your tire size like a mini treasure hunt, but instead of a map, you’ve got these clues:

  • The Door Jamb Secret: Peek at the driver’s side door jamb. There’s usually a sticker there with the tire size meant for your vehicle.
  • Sidewall Code: Your current tires are literally telling you their size. Look for a series of numbers and letters on the sidewall, something like P225/50R16.
  • Old Faithful, the Owner’s Manual: When in doubt, your vehicle’s manual is your go-to guide for tire size.

Decoding the Tire Size Mystery

Now, let’s crack the code of something like P225/50R16:

  • P is not just a letter; it stands for ‘Passenger vehicle’. There’s also LT for light trucks, or sometimes no letter for European-style tires.
  • 225 is the tire’s width in millimeters. Yep, we’re talking about the distance from one sidewall to the other.
  • 50 is a bit of a percentage game. It’s the height of the tire’s side as a percentage of the width. Here, it’s half of 225 mm.
  • R is for Radial, the most common type of tire construction nowadays.
  • 16 is the wheel’s diameter in inches that this tire is made for.

Why Size Really Matters

Picking the right tire size isn’t just for show; it’s crucial for:

  • Safety First: The wrong size can mess with your car’s handling, and nobody wants that.
  • Keeping Your Ride Smooth: The right size means better fuel efficiency, longer-lasting tires, and a comfier drive.
  • Your Car’s Well-Being: It helps ensure your vehicle performs as it was designed to.

Ready to Roll

Armed with the know-how on tire sizes, you’re one step closer to finding the perfect fit for your vehicle. And remember, it’s not just about size; it’s about choosing tires that match your driving style and the roads you frequent. If you’re keen on digging deeper into tire selection, roll over to our guide on how to buy tires.

UTQG on Sidewall
UTQG Sidewall Illustration

Understanding the Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG) System

When shopping for tires, you’ll often come across the term “UTQG,” which stands for Uniform Tire Quality Grading. This system is a standardized method used in the United States to help consumers compare tires based on certain criteria.

Here’s a breakdown of what UTQG means and how it can help you in choosing the right tires.

Treadwear

  • What It Measures: Treadwear rating indicates the tire’s expected life in comparison to a control tire. It’s based on a scale where 100 is the baseline. So, a tire with a treadwear grade of 200 should last twice as long as the control tire.
  • How to Use It: If long-lasting tires are your priority, look for a higher treadwear rating.

Traction

  • What It Measures: This rating assesses how well a tire can stop on wet pavement. It’s graded from highest to lowest as AA, A, B, and C.
  • How to Use It: For better wet road performance, consider tires with higher traction ratings, especially if you live in a wet climate.

Temperature Resistance

  • What It Measures: This grade indicates the tire’s ability to dissipate heat under load. It’s rated as A, B, or C, with A being the highest.
  • How to Use It: Higher temperature grades are essential for high-speed driving and in hotter climates.

Limitations of UTQG

  • Not a Universal Standard: UTQG ratings are not required for winter tires and are not used outside the United States.
  • Subjectivity in Testing: Since manufacturers conduct their own tests against the control tire, results can be somewhat subjective.
  • Not a Sole Decision Factor: While UTQG is a useful tool, it should not be the only factor in your tire-buying decision. Consider other aspects like specific tire reviews, your driving habits, and vehicle requirements.

Making Use of UTQG in Tire Selection

UTQG ratings can be a helpful guide in narrowing down your tire options. By understanding what each rating signifies, you can make a more informed decision tailored to your driving needs, whether that’s longer tire life, better wet road performance, or safe driving in high temperatures.

wet weather stopping distance illustration
Test Results Via TireRack.com

When purchasing new tires What is the most important factor?

The most important factor when purchasing tires (aside from making sure they fit!) should be wet weather performance. Handling, tread life, and ride quality are high priorities as well.

Let’s delve into how to find the best tires for each of these specific needs.

Best Tires for Wet Conditions

  • Look for High Wet Traction Ratings: Tires designed for wet conditions usually have a higher traction rating. This information can be found on the tire label or manufacturer’s website.
  • Opt for All-Season or Specialized Rain Tires: All-season tires are generally good for mild wet conditions, but for heavier rains, consider specialized rain tires.
  • Check for Deep Tread Grooves: Tires with deep grooves and unique tread patterns help channel water away more effectively, reducing the risk of hydroplaning.

Finding Tires with the Best Traction

  • Seek Out High Traction Scores: Tires are rated for traction performance, usually indicated as AA, A, B, or C, with AA being the highest.
  • Consider the Tire’s Rubber Compound: Softer rubber compounds generally offer better traction but may wear out faster.
  • Read Reviews and Test Results: Look for customer reviews and independent test results that specifically focus on traction performance.

Tires That Last the Longest

  • Check the Treadwear Rating: This rating, part of the Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG) system, gives you an idea of the tire’s lifespan. A higher number indicates a longer-lasting tire.
  • Look for Durable Materials: Some tires are made with special compounds that enhance durability and reduce wear.
  • Read Customer Reviews: Reviews from other drivers can provide real-world insights into tire longevity.

Tires with Excellent Ride Quality

  • Focus on Comfort Ratings: Some tire manufacturers provide ratings for ride comfort. These can be found in product descriptions or independent reviews.
  • Consider Touring Tires: Touring tires are often designed for a smoother ride, balancing performance and comfort.
  • Check for Noise Reduction Features: Tires designed for a quiet ride will often advertise noise reduction features, which contribute to overall ride quality.

Quality vs. Budget

Tires are an investment. Sure, budget matters, but don’t skimp on quality:

  • Long-Term Thinking: Sometimes, spending a bit more upfront on quality tires means better performance and fewer replacements.

Unsure about the trade-offs? Our guide on cheap vs. expensive tires breaks it down for you.

best tires for canyon driving
Tire Performance On The Road

Key Questions to Ask When Buying Tires

Now that you’re gearing up to buy new tires, it’s like stepping into an interview – you need to ask the right questions. This is your moment to ensure you’re making a smart, informed purchase.

Let’s get into the essential questions that will steer you in the right direction.

What’s My Main Driving Environment?

Your tires need to align with where you drive most. It’s not just about the distance, but the type of roads and typical weather conditions. City streets, highways, off-road trails – each calls for different tire features.

How Do These Tires Perform in Different Weather Conditions?

  • For Sunny and Rainy Days: Ask about performance in both dry and wet conditions.
  • Winter Weather: If you’re in a snow-prone area, inquire about snow and ice performance.

What’s the Tread Life Expectancy?

You want tires that last. Understanding the tread life expectancy helps you gauge how often you’ll need replacements.

How Do These Tires Affect Fuel Efficiency?

Yes, tires can influence your fuel economy. Some tires are designed to reduce rolling resistance, thus improving your miles per gallon.

What’s the Warranty Like?

A good warranty can save you a lot of headaches. Ask about the mileage warranty and what it covers.

For more details on what to inquire about when tire shopping, check our detailed article of 10 questions to ask when buying tires.

Cost Per Mile Calculator

Tips for Buying Tires

Alright, you’re on the hunt for new tires. This is where being a savvy shopper pays off. There’s more to tire buying than just picking the first set you see.

Let’s dive into some insider tips to help you snag the best tires for your buck.

Comparing Tire Brands and Models

  • Do Your Homework: Not all tires are created equal. Compare different brands and models. Look for reviews, ratings, and consumer feedback.
  • Match Tires to Your Needs: Remember, what works for a friend’s sports car might not be ideal for your family SUV.

The Lowdown on Tire Warranties

  • Read the Fine Print: Warranties vary widely. Some cover tread life, while others offer road hazard protection.
  • Maintenance Records: Keep your service records. Regular maintenance is often a condition of the warranty.

Road Hazard Insurance: Yay or Nay?

  • Weigh the Cost vs. Benefit: If you frequently drive on rough roads, this insurance might be worth considering.
  • Understand the Coverage: Know what’s included and what’s not. It’s not a one-size-fits-all.
questions to ask when buying tires
Buying Replacement Tires

Finding Deals on Tires

Let’s face it, buying tires can be a bit of a hit on the wallet. But with a little savvy shopping, you can find some great deals that’ll leave both you and your bank account smiling.

Here’s how to sniff out those sweet tire deals.

Be a Smart Tire Shopper

  • Stay Informed: Sign up for newsletters and alerts from tire retailers and manufacturers. They often send out info on upcoming sales and exclusive offers.
  • Follow on Social Media: Many companies announce special promotions on their social media platforms.

Timing Your Purchase

  • Seasonal Sales: Tire sales often happen at the change of seasons, especially in the spring and fall. Retailers want to clear out old inventory to make way for new stock.
  • Black Friday and Cyber Monday: These shopping holidays are not just for electronics! Keep an eye out for tire deals during these times.
  • Tax Season: Some retailers offer deals around tax return season, betting on that extra cash burning a hole in your pocket.

Comparing Prices Online

  • Check Multiple Retailers: Don’t just look at one source. Compare prices across different online retailers.
  • Online vs. In-Store Prices: Sometimes, online prices can be more competitive. But remember to factor in shipping and installation costs.

Rebates and Cash-Back Offers

  • Manufacturer Rebates: These can be a gold mine for savings. Check manufacturer websites for any rebate offers.
  • Credit Card Rewards: Some credit cards offer cash-back rewards or points for purchases, including tires.

Don’t Forget Local Shops

  • Local Deals: Small, local tire shops often run their own promotions. Plus, supporting local businesses is always a bonus.
  • Negotiate: Don’t be afraid to haggle a bit, especially if you’re a loyal customer.

Resources

Below are some links you may find helpful when learning about tires:

Final Thoughts

Picking the right tires can feel like navigating through a maze, but it’s all about knowing the signs and what to look for. Remember, it’s not just about grabbing any tire that fits your car. It’s like choosing a pair of shoes – you need the right fit for your style and needs.

Diving into tire sizes and UTQG ratings might seem a bit techy at first, but it’s like getting the secret code to unlock the best options for your ride. It’s all about balancing what you need – whether that’s cruising smoothly on wet roads, getting that extra mileage before your next tire change, or just enjoying a quiet and comfy drive.

And hey, don’t forget the practical stuff. Keeping an eye out for those sales and rebates can save you some serious cash. It’s like finding a hidden gem in a treasure hunt. Plus, a little bit of maintenance goes a long way in keeping your tires in top shape. It’s like taking care of a good pair of boots – treat them well, and they’ll last.

Good luck and happy motoring.



About The Author

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